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folder1 MPTUO1a: Unit 3 Study Guide
Weeks  3, 4 and 5 / Unit 3

Review this study guide for Weeks 3, 4 and 5 / Unit 3 of the Introduction to Psychology course.

Unit 3 Study Guide

The following outline includes topics based on APA National Standards for the study of biological psychology. Use these standards as a checklist to make sure you’ve mastered this unit.

document  Biological Bases of Behavior Study Guide

Structure and function of the nervous system in human and non-human animals

  • 1.1 Identify the major divisions and subdivisions of the human nervous system.
  • 1.2 Identify the parts of the neuron and describe the basic process of neural transmission.
  • 1.3 Differentiate between the structures and functions of the various parts of the central nervous system.
  • 1.4 Describe lateralization of brain functions.
  • 1.5 Discuss the mechanisms of and the importance of the plasticity of the nervous system.

Structure and function of the endocrine system

  • 2.1 Describe how the endocrine glands are linked to the nervous system.
  • 2.2 Describe the effects of hormones on behavior and mental processes.
  • 2.3 Describe hormone effects on the immune system.

The interaction between biological factors and experience

  • 3.1 Describe concepts in genetic transmission.
  • 3.2 Describe the interactive effects of heredity and environment.
  • 3.3 Explain how evolved tendencies influence behavior.

Methods and issues related to biological advances

  • 4.1 Identify tools used to study the nervous system.
  • 4.2 Describe advances made in neuroscience.
  • 4.3 Discuss issues related to scientific advances in neuroscience and genetics.

document  Consciousness Study Guide

  • The relationship between conscious and unconscious processes
    • 1.1 Identify states of consciousness.
    • 1.2 Distinguish between processing which is conscious (i.e., explicit) and other processing which happens without conscious awareness (i.e., implicit).
  • Characteristics of sleep and theories that explain why we sleep and dream
    • 2.1 Describe the circadian rhythm and its relation to sleep.
    • 2.2 Describe the sleep cycle.
    • 2.3 Compare theories about the functions of sleep.
    • 2.4 Describe types of sleep disorders.
    • 2.5 Compare theories about the functions of dreams.
  • Categories of psychoactive drugs and their effects
    • 3.1 Characterize the major categories of psychoactive drugs and their effects.
    • 3.2 Describe how psychoactive drugs act at the synaptic level.
    • 3.3 Evaluate the biological and psychological effects of psychoactive drugs.
    • 3.4 Explain how culture and expectations influence the use and experience of drugs.
  • Other states of consciousness
    • 4.1 Describe meditation and relaxation and their effects.
    • 4.2 Describe hypnosis and controversies surrounding its nature and use.
    • 4.3 Describe flow states.

document  Sensation and Perception Study Guide

  • The processes of sensation and perception
    • 1.1 Discuss processes of sensation and perception and how they interact.
    • 1.2 Explain the concepts of threshold and adaptation.
  • The capabilities and limitations of sensory processes
    • 2.1 List forms of physical energy for which humans and non-human animals do and do not have sensory receptors.
    • 2.2 Describe the visual sensory system.
    • 2.3 Describe the auditory sensory system.
    • 2.4 Describe other sensory systems, such as olfaction, gustation, and somesthesis (e.g., skin senses, kinesthesis, and vestibular sense).
  • Interaction of the person and the environment in determining perception
    • 3.1 Explain Gestalt principles of perception.
    • 3.2 Describe binocular and monocular depth cues.
    • 3.3 Describe the importance of perceptual constancies.
    • 3.4 Describe perceptual illusions.
    • 3.5 Describe the nature of attention.
    • 3.6 Explain how experiences and expectations influence perception.

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  1. The American Psychological Association’s Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (APA TOPSS) course template.

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