MPTUO1a: Unit 6 Study Guide
Weeks 9, 10 and 11 / Unit 6
Review this study guide for Weeks 9, 10 and 11 / Unit 6 of the Introduction to Psychology course.
Unit 6 Study Guide
The following outline includes topics based on APA National Standards for the study of intelligence, memory and thinking. Use these standards as a checklist to make sure you’ve mastered this unit.
Intelligence Study Guide
- Perspectives on intelligence
- 1.1 Discuss intelligence as a general factor.
- 1.2 Discuss alternative conceptualizations of intelligence.
- 1.3 Describe the extremes of intelligence.
- Assessment of intelligence
- 2.1 Discuss the history of intelligence testing, including historical use and misuse in the context of fairness.
- 2.2 Identify current methods of assessing human abilities.
- 2.3 Identify measures of and data on reliability and validity for intelligence test scores.
- Issues in Intelligence
- 3.1 Discuss issues related to the consequences of intelligence testing.
- 3.2 Discuss the influences of biological, cultural, and environmental factors on intelligence
Memory Study Guide
- Encoding of memory
- 1.1 Identify factors that influence encoding.
- 1.2 Characterize the difference between shallow (surface) and deep (elaborate) processing.
- 1.3 Discuss strategies for improving the encoding of memory.
- Storage of memory
- 2.1 Describe the differences between working memory and long-term memory.
- 2.2 Identify and explain biological processes related to how memory is stored.
- 2.3 Discuss types of memory and memory disorders (e.g., amnesias, dementias).
- 2.4 Discuss strategies for improving the storage of memories.
- Retrieval of memory
- 3.1 Analyze the importance of retrieval cues in memory.
- 3.2 Explain the role that interference plays in retrieval.
- 3.3 Discuss the factors influencing how memories are retrieved.
- 3.4. Explain how memories can be malleable.
- 3.5 Discuss strategies for improving the retrieval of memories
Thinking Study Guide
- Basic elements comprising thought
- 1.1 Define cognitive processes involved in understanding information.
- 1.2 Define processes involved in problem-solving and decision making.
- 1.3 Discuss non-human problem-solving abilities.
- Obstacles related to thought
- 2.1 Describe obstacles to problem-solving.
- 2.2 Describe obstacles to decision making.
- 2.3 Describe obstacles to making good judgments
- The American Psychological Association’s Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (APA TOPSS) course template.
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