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folder1 MPTUO1a: Unit 6 Study Guide
Weeks 9, 10 and 11 / Unit 6

Review this study guide for Weeks 9, 10 and 11 / Unit 6 of the Introduction to Psychology course.

Unit 6 Study Guide

The following outline includes topics based on APA National Standards for the study of intelligence, memory and thinking. Use these standards as a checklist to make sure you’ve mastered this unit.

document  Intelligence Study Guide

  • Perspectives on intelligence
    • 1.1 Discuss intelligence as a general factor.
    • 1.2 Discuss alternative conceptualizations of intelligence.
    • 1.3 Describe the extremes of intelligence.
  • Assessment of intelligence
    • 2.1 Discuss the history of intelligence testing, including historical use and misuse in the context of fairness.
    • 2.2 Identify current methods of assessing human abilities.
    • 2.3 Identify measures of and data on reliability and validity for intelligence test scores.
  • Issues in Intelligence
    • 3.1 Discuss issues related to the consequences of intelligence testing.
    • 3.2 Discuss the influences of biological, cultural, and environmental factors on intelligence

document  Memory Study Guide

  • Encoding of memory
    • 1.1 Identify factors that influence encoding.
    • 1.2 Characterize the difference between shallow (surface) and deep (elaborate) processing.
    • 1.3 Discuss strategies for improving the encoding of memory.
  • Storage of memory
    • 2.1 Describe the differences between working memory and long-term memory.
    • 2.2 Identify and explain biological processes related to how memory is stored.
    • 2.3 Discuss types of memory and memory disorders (e.g., amnesias, dementias).
    • 2.4 Discuss strategies for improving the storage of memories.
  • Retrieval of memory
    • 3.1 Analyze the importance of retrieval cues in memory.
    • 3.2 Explain the role that interference plays in retrieval.
    • 3.3 Discuss the factors influencing how memories are retrieved.
    • 3.4. Explain how memories can be malleable.
    • 3.5 Discuss strategies for improving the retrieval of memories

document  Thinking Study Guide

  • Basic elements comprising thought
    • 1.1 Define cognitive processes involved in understanding information.
    • 1.2 Define processes involved in problem-solving and decision making.
    • 1.3 Discuss non-human problem-solving abilities.
  • Obstacles related to thought
    • 2.1 Describe obstacles to problem-solving.
    • 2.2 Describe obstacles to decision making.
    • 2.3 Describe obstacles to making good judgments

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  1. The American Psychological Association’s Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (APA TOPSS) course template.


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