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folder1 MPTUO1a: Units 4 & 5 Study Guide
Weeks 6, 7 and 8 / Units 4 & 5

Review this study guide for Weeks 6, 7 and 8 / Units 4 & 5 of the Introduction to Psychology course.

Units 4 & 5 Study Guide

The following outline includes topics based on APA National Standards for the study of language development, learning, and life span development. Use these standards as a checklist to make sure you’ve mastered this unit.

document  Language Development Study Guide

  • Structural features of language
    • 1.1 Describe the structure and function of language.
    • 1.2 Discuss the relationship between language and thought.
  • Theories and developmental stages of language acquisition
    • 2.1 Explain the process of language acquisition.
    • 2.2 Discuss how the acquisition of a second language can affect language development and possibly other cognitive processes.
    • 2.3 Evaluate the theories of language acquisition.
  • Language and the brain
    • 3.1 Identify the brain structures associated with language.
    • 3.2 Discuss how damage to the brain may affect language.

document  Learning Study Guide

  • Classical Conditioning
    • 1.1 Describe the principles of classical conditioning.
    • 1.2 Describe clinical and experimental examples of classical conditioning.
    • 1.3 Apply classical conditioning to everyday life.
  • Operant conditioning
    • 2.1 Describe the Law of Effect.
    • 2.2 Describe the principles of operant conditioning.
    • 2.3 Describe clinical and experimental examples of operant conditioning.
    • 2.4 Apply operant conditioning to everyday life.
  • Observational and cognitive learning
    • 3.1 Describe the principles of observational and cognitive learning.
    • 3.2 Apply observational and cognitive learning to everyday life.

document  Life Span Development Study Guide

  • Methods and issues in life span development
    • 1.1 Explain the interaction of environmental and biological factors in development, including the role of the brain in all aspects of development.
    • 1.2 Explain issues of continuity/discontinuity and stability/change.
    • 1.3 Distinguish methods used to study development.
    • 1.4 Describe the role of sensitive and critical periods in development.
    • 1.5 Discuss issues related to the end of life.
  • Theories of life span development
    • 2.1 Discuss theories of cognitive development.
    • 2.2 Discuss theories of moral development.
    • 2.3 Discuss theories of social development.
  • Prenatal development and the newborn
    • 3.1 Describe physical development from conception through birth and identify influences on prenatal development.
    • 3.2 Describe newborns’ reflexes, temperament, and abilities.
  • Infancy (i.e., the first two years of life)
    • 4.1 Describe physical and motor development.
    • 4.2 Describe how infant perceptual abilities and intelligence develop.
    • 4.3 Describe the development of attachment and the role of the caregiver.
    • 4.4 Describe the development of communication and language.
  • Childhood
    • 5.1 Describe physical and motor development.
    • 5.2 Describe how memory and thinking ability develops.
    • 5.3 Describe social, cultural, and emotional development through childhood.
  • Adolescence
    • 6.1 Identify major physical changes.
    • 6.2 Describe the development of reasoning and morality.
    • 6.3 Describe identity formation.
    • 6.4 Discuss the role of family and peers in adolescent development.
  • Adulthood and Aging
    • 7.1 Identify major physical changes associated with adulthood and aging.
    • 7.2 Describe cognitive changes in adulthood and aging.
    • 7.3 Discuss social, cultural, and emotional issues in aging.

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Sources

  1. The American Psychological Association’s Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (APA TOPSS) course template.